||Oracle Tips by Burleson
Chapter 1 Introduction to HIPAA
Closely tied to the above is Confidentiality,
which goes a step beyond and ensures that not only is the user
authorized to see the records, but is authorized to see all the
fields of the record. Certain fields of the record, Social Security
Number, for instance, are indicated as very sensitive data, labeled
Patient Health Information (PHI) by HIPAA, and require special authorization to view. This step makes
sure the user sees this if and only if allowed to see it.
A user may decide to change data after viewing
it, but is he or she allowed to do so? This question is posed by the
Integrity step, which ensures that the user does not deliberately or
accidentally modify information without proper authorization.
Finally, HIPAA mandates that all such users who
access information must be recorded as having done so – a task
The primary focus for Oracle professionals
dealing with HIPAA, or security in general, can be broadly divided
into two categories – Security (which encompasses Authentication,
Authorization, Confidentiality, and Integrity) and Auditing. A
section in this book is devoted to each category.
HIPAA Terminologies as
Applied to Data Management
As an IT professional in charge of making your
Oracle database security and auditing infrastructure HIPAA
compliant, you should be aware of a few terms.
Information (PHI) – PHI is the
information that identifies an individual, such as a Social Security
Number. The HIPAA regulations apply whenever PHI is transmitted by
electronic media, such
The above text is
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